Revitalizing Detroit’s Main Street Block By Block
On a chilly evening in March, dozens of people file into Source Booksellers on Cass Avenue in Detroit to meet a local author. Owner Janet Webster Jones, a fixture in the area for more than two decades, takes time to greet each person—something she does several times a week at the events held inside the busy store. The crowd has gotten bigger since Jones moved her business to the Auburn, a mixed-use development in the Detroit Midtown area.
“People are looking for an experience with books and a place to meet up with each other to talk about what they’re reading,” says Jones, whose larger space helps her welcome more people. “When you add a bookstore to a community, you add texture.”
Source Booksellers is just one of eight diverse retail spaces inside the $12.3 million mixed-used building, which includes 20 percent of total space set aside for affordable housing units, known as the Auburn. Built by the Roxbury Group, the project has helped transform this formerly vacant property located one block west of Woodward Avenue, Detroit’s “main street.”
“The Auburn was an old commercial building that took up an entire city block,” says James Van Dyke, Roxbury Group’s vice president of development. “We came in and created 58 residential units and 9,000-square feet of retail space. We wanted to push the urban model and deliver smaller one-bedroom and studio units as well as retail space for entrepreneurs and startups.”
The building opened in November of 2012, and is now 100 percent leased, with a waiting list 100-deep. To achieve this success, the Roxbury Group first needed to secure financing at a time when many banks were reluctant to lend to projects in Detroit, which was then on the verge of declaring bankruptcy. Van Dyke’s team turned to two locally based economic development groups, Invest Detroit and Midtown Detroit Inc., to engage Capital Impact Partners for funding.
“Capital Impact continues to provide valuable resources for us even after we’ve taken the development to market,” says Van Dyke. “It’s been a very successful marriage.”
The Auburn is just one part of Capital Impact’s vision to help turn the once blighted Woodward Corridor area into a thriving hub of activity and a launching pad for a revitalized, inclusive Detroit.
Case in point is construction at the historic Forest Arms building just down the street, which is being helmed by Midtown developer Scott Lowell. Built in 1905, the building was once a high-end apartment complex with ornate woodwork, dumbwaiters and copper cupolas. A fire in 2008 rendered the building uninhabitable, and the brick shell sat vacant until Lowell bought it.
“The city had two solutions: tear it down and put in a parking lot, or tear it down and turn it into a drive-through Tim Hortons fast-food restaurant,” says Lowell. “We didn’t think either option was the best use of the property.”
Lowell is restoring the Forest Arms to its former grandeur, rebuilding an interior that had been poorly upgraded over the years and introducing such modern-day features as solar panels and geothermal wells. The $10-million project will offer 72 one- and two-bedroom residential units, five penthouse apartments, and two commercial spaces, including a recording studio.
Lowell and his wife and business partner, Carolyn Howard, have a long-standing personal stake in the revitalization of the Woodward Corridor. In addition to owning a dozen properties in the area, they also call the city home. One of their restaurants, Traffic Jam and Snug, has been a midtown favorite since 1965. Located between the Auburn and Forest Arms, it serves as a neighborhood gathering spot for new and old generations alike moving back to the city’s core.
“We could have picked up and moved anywhere,” says Lowell. “Detroit was in a decline, but we decided to be part of its solution.”
Working with Midtown Detroit Inc., Lowell received funding from a variety of sources, including Capital Impact Partners. “They were helpful in moving the project along a lot quicker,” he says. “It’s great to see the area recovering block by block.”
Financing projects like The Auburn and Forest Arms is important, but as a mission-driven lender, Capital Impact Partners saw that as only one piece of the larger revitalization strategy. Capital Impact has worked in Detroit for almost a decade to promote inclusive growth that also benefits Detroit’s low-and moderate-income residents through entrepreneurship and preserving low-income housing access.
“Forest Arms is a good example of what Capital Impact’s strategy is all about,” says Bradford Frost, director of Capital Impact’s Detroit Program. “The historic apartment building was offline because of fire, but we were able to provide important financing tools to help in its redevelopment, confident that it will add critical residential density to an area that has a shortage of units.”
The Midtown market requires subsidy, notes Frost, and Capital Impact uses creative financing solutions to make resources available for safe and secure rehabs. Our principal strategy is to ensure that a significant portion of the new development is affordable.
“Our partners strive to keep 25- to 30- percent of new units in Midtown reserved for low-income residents,” says Frost. “We look holistically at the district and evaluate if there is sufficient supply for all income levels to remain in the district if they want to stay.”
Relying on its mix of partners, Capital Impact Partners helps facilitate inclusive outcomes. “Since 2010, well over 50 small businesses have been placed in the district,” says Frost. “Some are existing companies opening a Detroit location, like Whole Foods, and others are new retailers who want to be here, like Shinola.”
Shinola is another Detroit success story with ties to Capital Impact. The company originally set up shop in the New Center neighborhood, just north of the Woodward Corridor. Their 30,000 square-foot state-of-the-art watch factory helped revitalize the historic but vacant Argonaut building, now known as the A. Alfred Taubman Center. That building also houses the Henry Ford Academy Charter School, which serves the area’s low-income students.
While they have expanded internationally, Shinola’s owners have kept their focus on the city’s revitalization with the debut of Willys Detroit, a sister clothing shop next to the watchmaker’s flagship outlet in the historic Willys Overland Lofts building. Built in 1917 as an auto manufacturing plant, the building is now known for its residential lofts and the city’s newest mix of retail tenants, including Run Detroit, which organizes Saturday morning community runs. Located just across the street from the Auburn and next door to Traffic Jam, the building and its tenants further contribute to the vibrancy of the area.
Both the Taubman Center and Willy’s Overland were built with financing from Capital Impact.
The development serves not just the people who live in district, but everyone across the region as well: “Midtown is a destination, and the partnership plays a vital role in encouraging complementary objectives, such as equitable growth,” says Frost.
Source Booksellers’ Jones has seen the results: “These developments have generated a lot of good activity in Detroit,” she says. “It’s attracting a diverse community, and we’re glad to be a part of the change.”
All pictures © 2015 Capital Impact Partners / Peter Baker